Leadership and Management notes

Leadership and Management notes


CPA Leadership and Management notes

Topic 1: Introduction to management
Topic 2: Evolution and development of management thought
Topic 3: Leading as a function of management
Topic 4: Other Functions of management

  • Planning function
  • Organising function
  • Staffing function
  • Controlling function

Topic 5: Environmental Analysis
Topic 6: Leadership approaches and strategy
Topic 7: Decision making
Topic 8: Enterprise management
Topic 9: Project management
Topic 10: Marketing management
Topic 11: Leadership and Strategic Change
Topic 12: Case Studies in Leadership and Management

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1. Introduction to management
1.1 Nature of management
1.2 Importance of management
Levels of management
Multi-disciplinary nature of management
Roles of management as advocated by Henry Mintzberg
1.6 The changing roles of management and managers
1.7 Qualities of an effective manager
1.8 Management and administration


2. Evolution and development of management thought
2.1 Classical approaches to management
Taylor’s view point
Fayol’s administrative theory
Max Weber’s bureaucratic theory

2.2 Behavioral management approach

Elton Mayo-Human relation theory
Abraham Maslow’s theory
McGregor’s X and Y theories
Mary Parker Follett’s Management theory

2.3 Modern management theories

2.3.1 Quantitative thinking
2.3.2 Systems thinking
2.3.3 Contingency thinking

3. Leading as a function of management
3.1 Differences between management and leadership
3.2 Attributes and skills of a good leader
3.3 Delegation, responsibility and accountability
3.4 Power, authority and accountability
4. Other Functions of management
4.1 Planning function:

4.1.1 Introduction to planning
4.1.2 Importance of planning
4.1.3 Planning process
4.1.4 Types of plans
4.1.5 Approaches to planning

4.2 Organising function

4.2.1 Meaning and importance of organising
4.2.2 Factors affecting the organising function
4.2.3 Process of organising
4.2.4 Principles of organising

4.2.5 Organizational structures
4.3 Staffing function
4.3.1 Meaning and importance of staffing
4.3.2 Staffing process
4.3.3 Factors that affect the staffing function
4.3.4 Components of the staffing function
4.4 Controlling function
4.4.1 Meaning and importance of control
4.4.2 Steps in the control process
4.4.3 Types of control
4.4.4 Controlling for organizational and employee performance
4.4.5 Tools for measuring performance
4.4.6 Essentials of an effective control system
5. Environmental Analysis
5.1 Micro-environment
5.2 Macro-environment
5.3 Internal environment
5.4 External environment
5.5 Tools of environmental analysis

6. Leadership approaches and strategy
6.1 Leadership traits
6.2 Leadership styles
6.3 Leadership skills
6.4 Formulation of an organization’s strategic direction
6.5 Differences between transactional leadership and transformational leadership
6.6 Conflict resolution mechanisms
6.7 Ethics in leadership
7. Decision making
7.1 Importance of decision making
7.2 Decision making models/approaches
7.3 Types of decisions
7.4 Decision making process
7.5 Problem solving skills
7.6 Decision making under different conditions
7.7 Challenges in decision making
7.8 Effective decision making
8. Enterprise management
8.1 Meaning and concept of entrepreneurship
8.2 Intrapreneurship
8.3 Entrepreneurial development
8.4 Enhancing creativity and innovation in organization’s
8.5 Methods of generating ideas
8.6 Introduction to business plan
8.7 Protection of intellectual properties
9. Project management
9.1 Project management concepts
9.2 Characteristics of a project
9.3 Importance of projects
9.4 Features of projects and baseline surveys
9.5 Illustration of the Project life cycle
9.6 Project planning and organising
9.7 Project resources and costing
9.8 Project completion and evaluation
10. Marketing management
10.1 Meaning and importance of marketing
10.2 Marketing management orientation/philosophies
10.3 Marketing mix
10.4 Development of marketing information

10.5 Marketing strategies
10.6 Marketing research and intelligence
10.7 International marketing and e-commerce
11. Leadership and Strategic Change
11.1 Meaning of change
11.2 Theories of change
11.3 Types of organizational change
11.4 Managing resistance to change
11.5 Diagnosing the change context
11.6 Levers for strategic change
11.7 Methods of introducing strategic change
11.8 Problems of formal change programmes
11.9 Leading Change
12.Case Studies in Leadership and Management


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